语法:Noun/Adjective + 化

作者: 日期:2017-10-30 16:56:25 阅读:457

The suffix 化 (huà) can be added to the end of many Chinese words to make them into verbs, the equivalent of "-ize" or "-ify" in English.
Basic Structure
You can take some Chinese nouns and adjectives and add a 化 to the end of them to make "-ize" or "-ify" them. Basically, 化 takes the noun or adjective and makes it into a verb. One example of how we do that in English is to take the word "modern" and turn it into "modernize." Most of the time, the Chinese words that 化 is added to are two-character words.
Noun/Adjective + 化
Examples
The following is a short list of examples 化 words and sentences. Note that while the suffix 化 most often corresponds to "-ize" or "-ify" in English, these are not the only options in English. (Ah, you gotta love the endless variety of the English language!)
With a Noun
xiàndàihuà
现代化
modernize
zhōnuóhuà
中国化
sinicize, Chinese-ify
měiuóhuà
美国化
Americanize
KFC de zhōnuó béntǔhuà jīnyín zuò dé fēichán chénōn.
KFC 的 中国 本土化 经营 做 得 非常 成功。
KFC's Chinese localization has been implemented very successfully.
Dènxiǎopín tíchūle sìèxiàndàihuà:ōnyèxiàndàihuà、nónyèxiàndàihuà、uófánxiàndàihuà、kēxuéjìshùxiàndàihuà。
邓小平 提出了 四 个 现代化:工业现代化、农业现代化、国防现代化、科学技术现代化。
Deng Xiaoping set forth the Four Modernizations: industrial modernization, agricultural modernization, national defense modernization, and scientific technology modernization.
Xiànzài wǒmen ōnsī deōnzuò liúchén hé rénshì uánlǐ yǐjīn chūbù zhìdùhuà le.
现在 我们 公司 的工作 流程 和 人事 管理 已经 初步 制度化 了。
These days our company's workflows and HR management have already started to be systematized.
With an Adjective
měihuà
美化
beautification
lǜhuà
绿化
"greenify"
ruǎnhuà
软化
soften
Nǐ yīnāi ràn huányóu ruǎnhuà, ránhòu ēn miànbāo yìqǐ chī.
你 应该 让 黄油 软化,然后 跟 面包 一起 吃。
You should allow the butter to soften, then eat it with bread.
Wǒmen bǎohù huánjìn shì wèile měihuà wǒmen de chénshì.
我们 保护 环境 是 为了 美化 我们 的 城市。
We protect the environment in order to beautify our city.
Měinián wǒmen de lǜhuà miànjī dōu zài kuòdà.
每年 我们 的 绿化 面积 都 在 扩大。
Every year our green[ified] area is expanding. 

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