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Coordinative Phrases 并列短语

作者: 录入:tmx 来源:对外汉语学习网 2017-10-30 16:44:42 

A coordinative phrase is a single formed by two or much more phrases on the exact same portion of speech in coordinative relation. The terms in a coordinative phrase may possibly be separated by conjunction. The serial comma “、” can also be utilized to separate words in a coordinative phrase. When much more than two words are joined, a conjunction is positioned just before the last one. For instance:

"他和她" (tā hé tā)   both "他" (tā) and "她" (tā) are pronouns.

"参加游行" (cānjiā yóuxíng) both "参加" (cānjiā) and "游行" (yóuxíng) are verbs.

"父亲和母亲" (fùqīn mǔqīn) both "父亲" (fùqīn) and "母亲" (mǔqīn) are nouns.

The coordinative phrase in mandarin Chinese has its distinctive characteristic.

The order of the two constituents isn't fixed. Reversion of the order does not have an effect on the meaning.

A coordinative phrase is normally composed of nouns, pronouns, verbs or adjectives.
The constituents might be linked by a conjunction. For instance:

书包"和" (and) 书

早上"或者" (or)晚上

It might take a premodifier.

A verbal coordinative phrase might be followed by an object, a complement or aspectual particle.

The functions of the coordinative phrase contain the topic, predicate, object, attributive, adverbial adjunct and complement. Let’s possess a search at some examples.

书和铅笔都在桌上 (shū hé qiānbǐ dōu zài zhuōshàng)。(As the subject)

他们的行为值得赞扬和学习 (tā de xíngwéi zhídé zànyáng hé xuéxí )。(As the predicate)

我家里有许多水果和蔬菜 (wǒ jiālǐ yǒu xǔduō shuǐguǒ hé shūcài)。(As the object)

You'll find some factors in regards to the coordinative phrase you ought to spend consideration to while learning Chinese. A coordinative phrase can serve being a sentence element with no any particular marker.

A coordinative phrase can serve as a sentence element without any particular marker.

A coordinative phrase can serve as a sentence element with out any distinct marker.

A coordinative phrase is characterized and functions based on its constituents, for that reason we will name a coordinative phrase after the names of its constituents’ parts of speech. For example, the notional coordinative phrase can function as subject, object or attribute.


 

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