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趣味汉语

Proficiency in a particular line一技之长

There was a famous scholar called Gongsun Long from the State of Zhao during the Warring States Period (475-221BC). Keeping a circle of skilled people around him, he often said, "A wise man will welcome anyone with a sp
2017-01-10

Whoever plays with fire shall perish by it玩火自焚

During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.), prince Zhouyu of the State of Wei killed his brother, Duke Huan of Wei, and became the new emperor. Zhouyu was a tyrant, oppressing his people and indulging in wars of
2017-01-10

A man from the state of Zheng buying shoes郑人买履

There once was a man from the state of Zheng who wanted to buy a pair of shoes. He measured his foot and put the measurement on a chair. However, setting out for the market, he forgot to bring it along. It only occurred
2017-01-10

Try to go south by driving the chariot north南辕北辙

There once was a man from the North who wanted to travel to Chu. He rode a chariot, traveling on a road heading north. His friend, quite surprised, asked him: "Chu is in the South. You should be traveling south. Why are
2017-01-10

Practice makes perfect 熟能生巧

During the Northern Song Dynasty, there was a very skilled archer. One day while he was doing drills on the field, a big crowd drew around him. The onlookers cheered with excitement each time he made an accurate shot. H
2017-01-10

Break the cauldrons and sink the boats (after crossing a river)

Break the cauldrons and sink the boats (after crossing a river)During the late years of the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC), Xiang Yu led a rebellion. After crossing the Zhang River, Xiang Yu ordered his men to sink all their
2017-01-10

A broken mirror joined together

During the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589), in the state of Chen, there lived a beautiful, intelligent princess named Lechang. She and her husband, Xu Deyan, loved each other dearly. But before long, their cou
2017-01-10

Legend of the White Snake 白蛇传

Legend of the White Snake is one of the most famous tales spreading out among folks in ancient China. The tale goes that a white snake came to the human world as she was longing for human life (another version ho
2017-01-10

Butterfly Lovers 梁山伯与祝英台

Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai is one of the four Chinese folk legends and one of the most influential types of verbal art. Having been spread far and wide in China for over 1600 years, it was awarded the fame of "A faith
2017-01-10

The Story of Meng Jiangnv 孟姜女

The legend of "Meng Jiangnv bringing down the Great Wall with her tears" is a famous folktale of ancient China. Operas, ballads, and musical narrations etc featuring this story are widely spread among the people. The ta
2017-01-10

Cowherd and Weaving Girl 牛郎织女

The fairy tale of the Cowherd and the Weaving Girl is one of the four most famous folktales of ancient China. It is a classic love story between a fairy and a human being and has a widespread influence. The Qixi Festiva
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令 07 梨和泥

Pear and Mud. There's a pear on the tree, mud on the ground, the wind blows the pears, the pears fall to the ground, the pears roll in the mud, the mud sticks to the pears. 梨 和 泥 , 树 上 有 梨 , 地 上 有 泥 , 风 刮
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令 06 盆和瓶

Pan and Bottle. A pan on the table, there's a bottle in the pan, bang, bang, bang. Is it the bottle hitting the pan or the pan hitting the bottle? 盆 和 瓶 , 桌 上 有 个 盆 , 盆 里 有 个 瓶 , 砰 砰 砰 , 是 瓶 碰 盆
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令 05 长藤挂铜铃

长藤挂铜铃Cháng téng guà tóng língThe Vine Hangs a Copper Bell 青 青 山 上 一 根 藤,青 藤 底 下 挂 铜 铃,Qīngqīng shānshàng yī gēn téng, qīngténg dĭ x
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令 03 十 尊 石 狮 子

ten stone lions 十 尊 石 狮 子 shi2 zun1 shi2 shi1zi
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令 02 四是四,十是十

四是四,十是十,十四是十四,四十是四十,Sì shì sì, shí shì shí, shí sì shì shí sì, sì shí shì sì sh&iacut
2017-01-10

Chinese twisters 绕口令,吃葡萄不吐葡萄皮

rào kǒu lìng绕 口 令chī pú tao bú tù pú tao pí, bù chī pú tao dào tù pú tao pí 吃 葡 萄 不 吐 葡 萄 皮,不吃 葡 萄 倒
2017-01-10

2012-05-24

煮豆燃萁

  煮豆燃萁 zhǔ dòu rán qí:比喻兄弟或亲朋内的互相迫害、残杀。  
  三国时的曹操有三个儿子,他看中了聪明的二儿子曹植,几次想立他为太子,这可惹恼大儿子曹丕,他对曹植嫉妒得牙根直痒痒。
  到了公元220年,曹丕即帝位,史称魏文帝。虽然是自己当了皇帝,可他很怕曹植会有一天篡权,总想找个借口把他杀掉,以除心腹之患。这一天,曹丕想出了一个阴招。他把曹植找来,对他说:“听说你的诗写得很好。今天我要你以兄弟为题作一首诗,诗中不能出现兄弟二字,而且要在七步之内成诗,不然就以欺君之罪处死你!”
2012-05-24

万字难写

  汝州农村有个老翁,家道殷实,十分富有。可是他祖祖辈辈都是文盲,连“之乎者也”等最简单的字都不认识。不识字干很多事都极不方便,老翁尝够了苦头,决心让儿子念书识字。
  有一年,老翁聘请了一位楚国的读书人教他的儿子认字。第一天上学,老师用毛笔在白纸上写了一笔,告诉他儿子说:“这是个‘一’字。”他儿子学得很认真,牢牢地记住了,回去后就写给老翁看:“我学了一个字——‘一’。”老翁见儿子学得用功,看在眼里,喜在心里。
  第二天上学,老师又用毛笔在纸上写了两笔,说:“这是个‘二’字。”这回,儿子不觉得有
2012-05-24

纸上谈兵

  
  赵括从小学习兵法,自以为天下没有人能够与其匹敌。他的父亲赵奢曾经评论说:“打仗是非常危险的事情,而赵括把它说得太容易了,假使将来赵国不任命他为将军,那也就算了,如果一定要拜他为将军,导致赵军大败的人必定是赵括无疑。”后来赵括果然代替廉颇做了大将军,长平一战被秦将白起打败,四十万赵军全部被消灭,赵括自己也战死了。
  In the Warring States Period, the State of Zhao had a famous general called Zhao She, who
2012-05-15

成语小常识


  成语一般是四字的,占95%,另外还有5%不是四个字的。
  在非四字成语中,最短的是三个字,譬如:“莫须有”“人中龙”等。“莫须有”出自南宋时期,奸臣秦桧诬陷岳飞的罪名,意思是可能有;“人中龙”是由“人中龙凤”而来。
  字数最长的是十六个字,“不是东风压倒西风,就是西风压倒东风”。这是红楼梦中林黛玉所说的话,后来被毛泽东引用来比喻社会主义和帝国主义的斗争。东风代表世界革命人民,西风代表帝国主义及西方资本主义。当时有一首歌曲:“东风吹,战鼓擂,现在世界上究竟谁怕谁?不是人民怕美帝,
2012-05-15

网开一面 Give the wrong-doer a way out

  从大禹到桀,夏朝一共持续了四百多年的历史。
  那是在公元前十八世纪。桀是个极端残暴,放荡的人。他激起了人民的极度不满。部落商的领袖汤利用这个形势,推翻了夏朝,并在公元前十七世纪早期建立了商朝。在准备这场推翻夏朝的行动中,汤赢得了广泛的支持。
  一天,汤在一片开阔的田野里散步。他看见一个人正在捕鸟。那人支开一张像笼子般的大网,喃喃的说:"来吧,鸟儿们!飞到我的网里来。无论是飞得高的还是低的,向东还是向西的,所有的鸟儿都飞到我的网里来吧!"
  汤走过去对那个人说:"你这种方法太残忍了!这样作你
2012-05-14

黔驴技穷  The Guizhou Donkey Has Exhausted It's Tricks

  从前,贵州没有驴子,有人从外地带回一头驴子,拴在山下,一只老虎看到了,以为是什么怪物,急忙躲到树林中去头头地瞧。驴子大叫一声,老虎吓了一跳,以为驴子要吃掉自己。时间一长,老虎觉得驴子没有什么恶意,逐渐走近去戏弄它,触犯它。驴子生气了,用蹄子踢老虎。老虎心里想:“你的本领不过就是如此啊!”于是立刻扑过去,一口把它咬死吃掉了。
  这个成语比喻仅有的一点本事也用完了,在没有别的办法了。  
  In ancient times there were no donkeys in Guizhou pro
2012-05-14

“牛角挂书”的由来

  
  形容勤奋读书的典故。
  《新唐书·李密传》:“(李密)闻包恺在缑山,往从之。以蒲鞯乘牛,挂《汉书》一帙角上,行且读。越国公杨素适见于道,按辔蹑其后,曰:‘何书生勤如此?’密识素,下拜。问所读,曰:‘《项羽传》。’因与语,奇之。归谓子玄感曰:‘吾观密识度,非若等辈。’玄感遂倾心结纳。”后人遂以“书横牛角”、“角挂经”、“茧栗挂汉书”、“束书牛角”、“书挂(牛)角”、“牛角之悬”来形容勤奋读书。或以“挂犊之才”、“牛角书生”来指勤奋学习而才思卓捷的书生。
 
2012-05-09